Trieste's Top Attractions

Trieste is a great city to visit and makes a great entry or exit point for visiting Slovenia!

It's location means that it is only a hop and a jump to:

> The Slovenian coast and charming seaside towns of Piran and Portoroz
> The famous Lippanzer horse stud at Lipica
> The wonderous Skocjan Caves
> The amazing underworld at Postojna Caves and Predjama Castle
> The Karst region famous for its Teran Wine and Prsut

Plan your holiday to Trieste and Slovenia now with!


1. Piazza dell'Unita d'Italia

The Piazza and main square in Trieste is one of the biggest in Europe that faces the sea and is certainly an imposing sight for those coming into Trieste for the first time.

The LowDown:
The Piazza of Italian Unity is certainly an impressive sight due to its size and the buildings that surround it on 3 sides and the sea on the other. It was given its current name in 1955 when Trieste was ceded to Italy and its current architecture is mostly from the Austrian period of rule around the 1800 to 1900's.

In summer it is a favourite meeting spot with cosy sidewalk cafes serving coffee, drinks and snacks. It is also sometimes used for concerts. Dusk is a great time to take photos in the square and at night the building facades are illuminated bringing the whole square to life. Blue mood lighting on the ground throughout the square giving the square a timeless yet at the same time, modern feel. The Piazza is an amazing place to spend an evening.

Where is it \ How to get there?:
The Piazza is hard to miss if you are in Trieste. From the train\bus station, walk south about 600m along the waterfront past the canale and it will appear before you!

Trieste's Huge Main Plaza at Piazza d'Italia

2. Miramare Castle

A trip to Trieste is not complete without a visit to the maginificent Miramare Castle, built by the Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian so that the Commander of the Imperial Navy could gaze out at the often turbulent blue seas of the Adriatic.

The Low Down:
Situated just 8km north of the city of Trieste, the beautiful white castle sits on the seas edge and comprises of the castle plus an impressive 54 acres of parks and gardens. Designed by the Archduke himself, they comprise of tropical and native plants within beautifully landscaped surroundings.

Designed and built between 1856 and 1860, the Archduke and his wife Charlotte had little use of the castle as he was appointed Emperor of Mexico in 1864 and was subsequently shot and died in 1867. Charlotte returned in 1866 and had a nervous breakdown before leaving for Belgium shortly afterwards.

All the rooms still feature the original furnishings, ornaments, furniture and objects dating back to the middle of the 19th century. As a result the castle has remained largely intact and gives the visitor an insight into the personality of Maximilian.

Where is it \ How to get there?:
From the motorway coming into Trieste:
Take the Motorway A4 and exit from the tollgate Monfalcone Est (“Lisert”), continue until you turn into the slip road to “Sistiana”; then continue on the SR14 (Regional Road, formerly the SS14, panoramic coastal road) until the turning to the right towards “Grignano Mare” (secondary entrance of Miramare Park in Grignano)
towards the following road sign “Castello di Miramare” (main entrance on the sea-front - Viale Miramare).
From Trieste:
Take viale Miramare close to the railway station of Trieste Centrale, continue on it following the road signs to Miramare Castle.
From Slovenia:
From the border post of Sesana-Fernetti: continue in the direction of Opicina, follow the road signs to Trieste and Miramare. Kilometres from the border post: 9,5. From the border post of Skofie-Rabuiese: continue in the direction of Aquilinia, follow the road signs toward Trieste and Miramare. Kilometres from the border post: 16.

Get off at the railway station of Trieste C.le, and nearby you will find a bus stop for No. 6 and No. 36 bus to Miramare - Grignano (lines with seasonal variations). Alternatively: get off at the railway station of Miramare, where some regional trains stop (secondary entrance of Miramare Park “Via Beirut”, about 15 – 20 minutes’ walking distance from the entrance of the Castle).

By public Bus:
In winter: get on the Bus no. 36 to Grignano (from “piazza Oberdan”: every 20 minutes, the bus can also be boarded at the bus stop on “viale Miramare” close to the railway station of Trieste C.le) and get off at the bus stop immediately after the two tunnels of Miramare (access “SR 14” to the Park, located between the two tunnels; about a 15 minutes’ walk to reach the Castle) or
get off at the Grignano terminus (next to Grignano harbour go up stairs until Park gate, about a 20 minutes’ walk to reach the Castle)
In summer: (from 13th June to 12th September 2010): get on the Bus no. 6 to Grignano (get off at the bus stop immediately after the two tunnels of Miramare or at the Grignano terminus, because its route is like that of the bus no. 36 in winter) or get on the Bus no. 36 to Bivio - Miramare (get off at the Grignano terminus). However, it is strongly advised to check on the website to verify the actual functioning of the service and the timetable.
By suburban bus route:
Lines no. 1, 26, 51 of APT - “Azienda Provinciale Trasporti di Gorizia”

During the summer a sea link is available: sailing from the city centre (“Molo Audace”) or from Barcola or Sistiana, there is a ferry that leads straight to Grignano Bay.

Price List: Castle Hours: Park Hours:
Adults: 6 euros
EU citizens <18 and >65: free
EU citizens 18-25: 4 euros
Every day
Nov-Feb 0800-1700
Mar+Oct 0800-1800
Apr-Sep 0800-1900
The magnificent sight of the Miramare Castle Trieste!

The magnificent sight of the Miramare Castle Trieste!

Where to find the Miramare Castle!

3. Canal and Saint Antonio

The Canal is the prized jewel in the centre of Trieste and is lined with beautiful buildings and outdoor cafes which lead up to the amazing sight of Saint Antonio Church, the largest in Trieste. If in Trieste, you are sure to end up here and it is a great spot to stop for a coffee.

The Low Down:
The canal was built in the 18th century so that larger ships could come into Trieste and unload their cargo. Today, only smaller boats line the canal walls and the canal is a beautiful place to wander at night when the streetlights glisten and reflect on the water.

The church of Saint Antonio was built 100 years later and is a fitting sight at the head of the canal just beyond The Piazza Ponterosso. The interior is well worth a visit. The Piazza Ponterosso is a high point for fans of James Joyce. At number 3 lies the house of Joyce and his wife Nora, who stayed in Trieste from 1904 to 1915 and again in 1919-20. In the centre of the Piazza you will find an interesting fountain, known as the Fontana del Giovannin del Ponterosso. It was built in 1753.

The Palazzo Gopcevich, located at the end of the Canale Grande, is a magnificent building that is frequently overlooked because of the imposing St. Anthonio. It was constructed in the 19th century in the neo-Renaissance style and was ordered as part of Maria Theresa's revitalization of the central area. Today, the Palazzo Gopcevich is used more as an exhibition space than any sort of architectural temple. Art and other such shows are frequently held here (so check with the Comune as to what is on when you visit). Even if nothing is on, or it isn't to your taste, there is still quite a lot of joy that comes from marvelling at the pink-and-white façade

Where is it\How to get there?:
The Grande Canale is located half way between the train station and the Piazza Unita. Simply take the Corso Cavour from the train station and you will come across the beautiful canal a few blocks down.

The beautiful Trieste Canale!

4. Castello di San Giusto

The Castello di San Giusto is a distinctive and beautiful church and museum which sits above Trieste offering stunning views of the town and sea below. It is often the focal point of the town when religious and military celebrations take place and is a great place to visit!

The Low Down:
What we see today is two basilicas from the 9-11th centuries that were joined together around the 14th-15th century on the site of a Roman place of worship. The castle has many rooms open to the public. Inside the castle you can visit the Casa del Capitano which houses a collection of weaponry and a collection of furniture and other things. The mosaics in the apse and on the walls are particularly stunning. Casa del Capitano is the oldest building in the castle (1470-1630). Moreover temporary exhibitions are held at the castle.

Walking through the Roman forum and along the terraces of the castle one can take in lovely views of Trieste, the Gulf and nearby hills. The surrounding Parco della Rimembranza (Rememberance Park) was built to honour the memory of those who died in WWI. It is a great little oasis of peace and quiet, away from the hustle and bustle below.

Where is it\How to get there?:
The Castello di San Giusto is located up the hill as you head inwards from the Piazza D'Italia. Looking at the Hill from the Piazza, you can approach the summit from either the left or right side (Corso Italia or the Via della Cattedrale\Via del Castello).

San Giusto Castle Trieste!

5. Roman Theatre

There arent many roman remains to be found in Trieste but the Theatre in the centre of town is a must-see!

The Low Down:
Dating back to the 1st-2nd century, the Roman Theatre was only unearthed last century by archaeologists. The theatre seated about 6000 spectators and looked over the sea which was much closer to the theatre than it is today.

Where is it \ How to get there?:
The Teatro Romano lies at the foot of the San Guisto hill and a few blocks behind the Piazza Unita d'Italia.

Trieste Roman Theatre!

6. Viale XX Septembre

This elegant avenue could be said to be Trieste's social hub. A great place to meet and socialise or just people watch.

The Low Down:
The Viale stretches over a kilometer and takes in four of the seven districts of Trieste. The first section is completely closed to traffic but not the second. The avenue is named after the breach of Porta Pia (see your Italian history), which occurred precisely on 20 September 1870. In the past, the road was known as the Aqueduct Street, since even today the aqueduct passes under the concrete city.

The avenue is a great place of recreation for young people, and offers many attractions. For example, during the period of St. Nicholas or carnival, stalls are set up. At this time of the year the road is crowded with people. The street is also home to many of the cinemas in Trieste (National Ambassadors, Fellini and Giotto). It is also the home of Rossetti Politeama, a school and numerous restaurants, pubs, bars and fast food.

Where is it \ How to get there?:
From the Canale, follow the road inland until you reach Via Giosue Carducci and Viale 20 Septembre is located just over the road slightly off Via Cesare Battisti.

Viale 20 Septembre Trieste!

7. Museums

Trieste has a good selection of great museums to visit on a rainy day including the Civico Museo della Risiera di San Sabba and the Museo Revoltella.

The Low Down:
Civico Museo della Risiera di San Sabba
A former rice husking facility, this building is famous for being the site of the only extermination camp in Italy during the German occupation in WW2. Since 1965, the Civico Museo della Risiera di San Sabba has been a national monument to the memory of up to 5,000 people who lost their lives here. At the end of the war the building was partially destroyed by fleeing Nazis, trying to eliminate proof of the horrors they committed.
Restored in 1975, this is a frightening place to visit; the death cells are open to visit as well as 17 detention cells, and a historic, photographic exhibition. Do not miss out on a visit.
Museo della Risera di San Sabba

Museo Revoltella
The Revoltella Museum is an important modern art gallery that originated from an institution founded in 1872 by Baron Pasquale Revoltella (1795 – 1869).
Revoltella bequeathed his palace and his art collection to the city of Trieste; but in addition to the building and the objects contained within he also bestowed a conspicuous revenue to the museum. This allowed for the continuous increase of patrimony and accumulation, in a remarkably short time, of a considerable art collection.
By the end of the 19th century the collection included a number of important Italian artists, such as Francesco Hayez, Domenico Morelli, Giacomo Favretto, Urbano Nono and Filippo Palizzi, as well as a good number of foreign artists.
Today the Museum occupies a complex of three buildings, forming an entire block (enclosed by Piazza Venezia, Via Diaz, Via Cadorna and Via San Giorgio). The Basevi building, the third and smallest palace faces Via San Giorgio and houses the museum's management and administration offices.
Museo Revoltella

San Guisto Civic Museum (Lapidarium Tergestino)\ San Giusto City Museum of Armoury
Located inside the Castle of S. Giusto in the 16th century Bastione Lalio / Sotterraneo, the museum it exhibits Roman tombstone findings. Inside the Lapidarium Tergestino it is possible to see the history of many different locations around Trieste.

The city museum, located in the Captain's House, inside the San Guisto Castle, hosts a rich collection of spears, edged weapons and firearms (armour, swords, daggers, guns, etc) both Italian and European, from the 12th to the 19th centuries.

Joyce Museum
The Joyce museum of Trieste has collected and preserved original material and documents pertaining to the period that Joyce spent in Trieste. Great for all those looking to deepen their knowledge of this historic figure and the works of the Irish writer. The Joyce museum has an up to date library including editions of his works, and a complete collection of some of the major magazines speaking about Joyce the man and his works in English. (As well as videos and multimedia technology.)
Museo James Joyce Trieste


Trieste Museo Revoltella!

Trieste Risiera SanSabba Museo!

Museo Risorgimento
The museum of Risorgimento is hosted on the first floor of the Combatant's House and it preserves documents, photographs, uniforms, relics, decorations and paintings concerning facts and people of the Italian Risorgimento, from the 1848 uprisings to the First World War, with particular reference to Trieste and to the Julian area. It is laid-out in six halls: The Origins and 1848; Garibaldi and the Julian garibaldini Mazzini and Trieste; Oberdan and the preparations for the intervention; the volunteers; the Gold Medals; Trieste and the "Redemption". Outside there is the Sacrarium, dedicated to the memory of the patriot from Trieste, Guglielmo Oberdan, with the prison cell and the monumental statue by Attilio Selva.

8. Duino Castle

The road to Trieste reveals yet another spectacular castle that is every bit as enchanting and beautiful as the Miramare. Tour the castle and the grounds and then simply admire the stunning views of the sea, coastline and surrounding area. Superb.

The Low Down:
Looking out at the Gulf of Trieste and built on a former Roman military post, the current structure of the imposing Castello di Duino began in the 14th century. The one time prison is still residence to the Princes Von Thurn and Taxis, who have maintained it well through the years.
The highlight of the castle is the view from the 16th century tower and visitors can tour the 18 superb rooms before having a peek at the bookstore and bar. The Palladio staircase is also a masterpiece of its time and there is even a bunker from WW2 that has been restored and now houses period antiques.
Outside there are terraces overlooking the vast blue sea. The castle has been opened to the public as a museum and park since 2003 , it can be booked for weddings, dinners and other events.
There is a magnificent 2km walking path between the castle and Sistiana offering superb views over the sea from the edge of the cliffs.

Where is it\How to get there?:
The Duino Castle is situated 25km north of Trieste along the coast at Duino.

Price List:
Adults: 8 euros
Children 7-16: 3.50 euros
Seniors\Students: 5 euros
Under 7: free
Operating Hours:
From 17th March to 31st March 2012:
from 9.30 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. (closed on Tuesdays)
From April 2012 to mid-October 2012:
from 9.30 a.m to 5.30 p.m. (closed on Tuesdays)
From second half of October 2012 to 4th November 2012:
from 9.30 a.m. to 4.00 p.m. (closed on Tuesdays)
Duino Castle Trieste!

Duino Castle Trieste!

9. Muggia

The chain of hills leading down to its 7km coastline has many charms to lure people to this beautiful little territory between Trieste and Slovenia. Come and spend a day exploring all that Muggia has to offer!

The Low Down:
Muggia (Slovene: Milje) is a small Italian comune in the extreme south-east of Trieste lying on the border with Slovenia. Technically, Muggia is the last and only piece of Istria still in Italian territory, after the dissolution of the Free Territory of Trieste in 1954.

Just before the year 1000, a settlement was built on the seashore and in the 13th century the new town of Muggia pronounced itself a municipality. The Duomo and Palazzo del Comune date back to this time. Visitors can also bear witness to its Prehistoric, Roman and Medieval past at sites like Castelliere on Mt Castellier and the Basilica de Muggia Vecchia. Under Austrian rule, it was an important ship building and naval centre until WW2.

Muggia has something for everyone to enjoy. Inland, it is bordered by the beauty of Mt Castellier, Mt San Michele and Monte D'Oro before sweeping down to the bathing resorts around the small but bustling harbour at San Bartolomeo. A new nautical leisure centre was built at Porto San Rocco a few years ago. At the heart of the town is the wonderful Piazza Marconi. Muggia is a charming town to explore on foot.

Don't miss the Carnival of Muggia or "Carneval de Muja", with traditional Venetian origins and with influences from the Istrian peninsula. It absorbs the entire population who assist in making colorful Carnival floats and colourful masks during mid February.

Where is it \ How to get there?:
By Car:
Either pass through the town centre of Trieste and follow the signs for Muggia or bypass Trieste and keep driving along the motorway until you find the signs for Muggia. This road is not as scenic, but it is the shortest way to reach Muggia.
By Train:
From the train station of Trieste , take bus number 20, which will lead you to Muggia in approximately 40 minutes.
By Boat:
There is a ferry that runs from Trieste to Muggia, leaving every hour from the 'Molo Pescheria'.

Muggia Duomo near Trieste! Muggia near Trieste!

10. Lighthouse

The beautiful Victory or Vittoria Lighthouse, shines down on the Gulf of Trieste and is one of the tallest in the world. If you have time to spare, it is well worth the trip to visit the site of the lighthouse where you can take some magnificent pictures of the Gulf and city below.

The Low Down:
The Vittoria Light (or Victory Lighthouse), sits on Gretta Hill and sends its beam down towards Trieste helping ships navigate the Gulf below. At a height of 223 feet (68 m) it is one of the tallest lighthouses in the world.

The lighthouse designed by Arduino Berlam and sculptor Giovanni Mayer was completed in 1927 and the structure also commemorates the fallen of the first world war, as testified by the inscription "SHINE AND REMIND OF THE FALLEN AT SEA MCMXV-MCMXVIII" The Crow's Nest covered with a copper dome is topped by the famous statue from Mayer called "Winged Victory".

The site of the lighthouse is open to the public but only the lower part is accessible. The lighthouse is open daily except Wednesdays from April 1 through September 30 and on Sundays and major feast days during the rest of the year.

The lantern stands at about 130 meters above average sea-level and it is made up by a lighting body of an average power of 1,250,000 candles with a range of 34 - 35 nautical miles.

Trieste Victory Lighthouse!

Where is it\How to get there?:
The Lighthouse is situated about 3km north of Trieste on Strada del Friuli which is just off the main coastal road that leads into Trieste (Viale Miramare).

11. Grotto Gigante (Giant Cave)

The Giant Cave lives up to its name as many are left in awe at the sheer scale of the central cavern and the beauty of the many stalactities and stalagmites. Located just north of Trieste and Villa Opcina, this is a great place to visit whilst in Trieste so don't miss out!

The Low Down:
The Grotta Gigante (giant cave) got its name from the huge central cavern. Measuring 107 metres (351 ft) high, 65 metres (213 ft) wide and 130 metres (430 ft), it entered the Guiness Book of Records in the 90's as the world's largest tourist cave.

A guide will lead you down a flight of 500 steep steps that lead you down into the enormous cave system where guests are left in awe to view the stalactities and stalagmites that cover the floor and ceiling. The most impressive is said to be the Colonna Ruggero which stands at 12 metres and 200,000 years old.

After you walk through the main cave, you are led through a short tunnel where you are greeted with an amazing view of the vast chamber below. A few moments later you climb another 500 steps and reach the surface again to end your tour which lasts around 45 minutes to an hour.

Opened in 1908, the cave's temperature sits at a cool 11 degrees celsius so make sure you are dressed appropriately and have good walking shoes as the cave is damp and you'll enjoy good traction under your feet! Like most other caves, no photography is allowed. There is a small cafe and stall selling souvenirs at the entrance.

Where is it \ How to get there?:
The Caves are located north of Trieste and just north of Villa Opcina.
By Bus: From the centre Trieste take bus no42 from Piazza Oberdan to Borgo Grotta Gigante;
By Tram: Also from Piazza Oberdan, take the tram to Opicina, then take bus no42 for another 15 minutes to Borgo Grotta Gigante.
Buses operate every 30 minutes or so during the main daylight hours.

Gigante Grotte Trieste!

Price List: Operating Hours:
Adults: 11 euros
Children 6-16: 8 euros
Youngies 3-6: 1 euro
Infants under 3: Free
Seniors\Students: 9 euros
October to March 1000, 1100, 1200, 1300, 1400, 1500, 1600

April to September 1000, 1030, 1100, 1130, 1200, 1230, 1300, 1330, 1400, 1430, 1500, 1530, 1600, 1630, 1700, 1730, 1800