PIAZZA DELL'UNITA D'ITALIA
The Piazza and main square in Trieste is one of the biggest in Europe that faces the sea and is certainly an imposing sight for those coming into Trieste for the first time.
The Piazza of Italian Unity is certainly an impressive sight due to its size and the buildings that surround it on 3 sides and the sea on the other.
It was given its current name in 1955 when Trieste was ceded to Italy and its current architecture is mostly from the Austrian period of rule around the 1800
In summer it is a favourite meeting spot with cosy sidewalk cafes serving coffee, drinks and snacks. It is also sometimes
used for concerts.
Dusk is a great time to take photos in the square and at night the building facades are illuminated bringing the whole square to life.
Blue mood lighting on the ground throughout the square
giving the square a timeless yet at the same time, modern feel. The Piazza is an amazing place to spend an evening.
A trip to Trieste is not complete without a visit to the maginificent Miramare Castle, built by the Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian so that the Commander of the Imperial Navy could
gaze out at the often turbulent blue seas of the Adriatic.
Situated just 8km north of the city of Trieste, the beautiful white castle sits on the seas edge and comprises of the castle plus an impressive 54 acres of parks
and gardens. Designed by the Archduke himself, they comprise of tropical and native plants within beautifully landscaped surroundings.
Designed and built between 1856 and 1860, the Archduke and his wife Charlotte had little use of the castle as he was appointed Emperor of Mexico in 1864 and
was subsequently shot and died in 1867. Charlotte returned in 1866 and had a nervous breakdown before leaving for Belgium shortly afterwards.
All the rooms still feature the original furnishings, ornaments, furniture and objects dating back to the middle of the 19th century. As a result the castle
has remained largely intact and gives the visitor an insight into the personality of Maximilian.
CANALE AND SAN ANTONIO
The Canal is the prized jewel in the centre of Trieste and is lined with beautiful buildings and outdoor cafes which lead up to the amazing sight of Saint Antonio Church, the largest in
Trieste. If in Trieste, you are sure to end up here and it is a great spot to stop for a coffee.
The canal was built in the 18th century so that larger ships could come into Trieste and unload their cargo. Today, only smaller boats line the canal walls and the canal is a
beautiful place to wander at night when the streetlights glisten and reflect on the water.
The church of Saint Antonio was built 100 years later and is a fitting sight at the head of the canal just beyond The Piazza Ponterosso. The interior is well worth a visit.
The Piazza Ponterosso is a high point for fans of James Joyce. At number 3 lies the house of Joyce and his wife Nora, who stayed in Trieste from 1904 to 1915 and again in 1919-20.
In the centre of the Piazza you will find an interesting fountain, known as the Fontana del Giovannin del Ponterosso. It was built in 1753.
The Palazzo Gopcevich, located at the end of the Canale Grande, is a magnificent building that is frequently overlooked because of the imposing St. Anthonio.
It was constructed in the 19th century in the neo-Renaissance style and was ordered as part of Maria Theresa's revitalization of the central area. Today, the Palazzo Gopcevich is used more as an exhibition space than any sort of architectural temple.
Art and other such shows are frequently held here (so check with the Comune as to what is on when you visit). Even if nothing is on, or it isn't to your taste, there is still quite a lot of joy that comes from marvelling at the pink-and-white façade
CASTELLO DI SAN GIUSTO
The Castello di San Giusto is a distinctive and beautiful church and museum which sits above Trieste offering stunning views of the town and sea below.
It is often the focal point of the town when religious and military celebrations take place and is a great place to visit!
What we see today is two basilicas from the 9-11th centuries that were joined together around the 14th-15th century on the site of a Roman place of worship.
The castle has many rooms open to the public. Inside the castle you can visit the Casa del Capitano which houses a collection of weaponry and a collection of furniture and other things.
The mosaics in the apse and on the walls are particularly stunning.
Casa del Capitano is the oldest building in the castle (1470-1630). Moreover temporary exhibitions are held at the castle.
Walking through the Roman forum and along the terraces of the castle one can take in lovely views of Trieste, the Gulf and nearby hills.
The surrounding Parco della Rimembranza (Rememberance Park) was built to honour the memory of those who died in WWI. It is a great little oasis of peace and quiet, away from the hustle and bustle below.
Where is it\How to get there?:
The Castello di San Giusto is located up the hill as you head inwards from the Piazza D'Italia.
Looking at the Hill from the Piazza, you can approach the summit from either the left or right side (Corso Italia or the Via della Cattedrale\Via del Castello).
There arent many roman remains to be found in Trieste but the Theatre in the centre of town is a must-see!
Dating back to the 1st-2nd century, the Roman Theatre was only unearthed last century by archaeologists.
The theatre seated about 6000 spectators and looked over the sea which was much closer to the theatre than it is today.
Where is it \ How to get there?:
The Teatro Romano lies at the foot of the San Guisto hill and a few blocks behind the Piazza Unita d'Italia.
VIALE XX SEPTEMBRE
This elegant avenue could be said to be Trieste's social hub. A great place to meet and socialise or just people watch.
The Viale stretches over a kilometer and takes in four of the seven districts of Trieste. The first section is completely closed to traffic but not the second.
The avenue is named after the breach of Porta Pia (see your Italian history), which occurred precisely on 20 September 1870. In the past, the road was known as the Aqueduct Street, since even today the aqueduct passes under the concrete city.
The avenue is a great place of recreation for young people, and offers many attractions. For example, during the period of St. Nicholas or carnival, stalls are set up. At this time of the year the road is crowded with people.
The street is also home to many of the cinemas in Trieste (National Ambassadors, Fellini and Giotto). It is also the home of Rossetti Politeama, a school and numerous restaurants, pubs, bars and fast food.
Where is it \ How to get there?:
From the Canale, follow the road inland until you reach Via Giosue Carducci and Viale 20 Septembre is located just over the road slightly off
Via Cesare Battisti.
Trieste has a good selection of great museums to visit on a rainy day including the
Civico Museo della Risiera di San Sabba and the Museo Revoltella.
Civico Museo della Risiera di San Sabba
A former rice husking facility, this building is famous for being the site of the only extermination camp in Italy during the German occupation in WW2.
Since 1965, the Civico Museo della Risiera di San Sabba has been a national monument to the memory of up to 5,000 people who lost their lives here.
At the end of the war the building was partially destroyed by fleeing Nazis, trying to eliminate proof of the horrors they committed.
Restored in 1975, this is a frightening place to visit; the death cells are open to visit as well as 17 detention cells, and a historic, photographic exhibition.
Do not miss out on a visit.
The Revoltella Museum is an important modern art gallery that originated from an institution founded in 1872 by Baron Pasquale Revoltella (1795 – 1869).
Revoltella bequeathed his palace and his art collection to the city of Trieste; but in addition to the building and the objects contained within he also bestowed a conspicuous revenue to the museum.
This allowed for the continuous increase of patrimony and accumulation, in a remarkably short time, of a considerable art collection.
By the end of the 19th century the collection included a number of important Italian artists, such as Francesco Hayez, Domenico Morelli, Giacomo Favretto, Urbano Nono and Filippo Palizzi, as well as a good number of foreign artists.
Today the Museum occupies a complex of three buildings, forming an entire block (enclosed by Piazza Venezia, Via Diaz, Via Cadorna and Via San Giorgio).
The Basevi building, the third and smallest palace faces Via San Giorgio and houses the museum's management and administration offices.
San Guisto Civic Museum (Lapidarium Tergestino)\ San Giusto City Museum of Armoury
Located inside the Castle of S. Giusto in the 16th century Bastione Lalio / Sotterraneo, the museum it exhibits Roman tombstone findings.
Inside the Lapidarium Tergestino it is possible to see the history of many different locations around Trieste.
The city museum, located in the Captain's House, inside the San Guisto Castle, hosts a rich collection of spears, edged weapons and firearms (armour, swords, daggers, guns, etc) both Italian and European, from the 12th to the 19th centuries.
The Joyce museum of Trieste has collected and preserved original material and documents pertaining to the period that Joyce spent in Trieste.
Great for all those looking to deepen their knowledge of this historic figure and the works of the Irish writer.
The Joyce museum has an up to date library including editions of his works, and a complete collection of some of the major magazines speaking about Joyce the man and his works in English. (As well as videos and multimedia technology.)
The museum of Risorgimento is hosted on the first floor of the Combatant's House and it preserves documents, photographs, uniforms, relics, decorations and paintings concerning facts and people of the Italian Risorgimento, from the 1848 uprisings to the First World War, with particular reference to Trieste and to the Julian area.
It is laid-out in six halls: The Origins and 1848; Garibaldi and the Julian garibaldini Mazzini and Trieste; Oberdan and the preparations for the intervention; the volunteers; the Gold Medals; Trieste and the "Redemption".
Outside there is the Sacrarium, dedicated to the memory of the patriot from Trieste, Guglielmo Oberdan, with the prison cell and the monumental statue by Attilio Selva.
The road to Trieste reveals yet another spectacular castle that is every bit as enchanting and beautiful as the Miramare.
Tour the castle and the grounds and then simply admire the stunning views of the sea, coastline and surrounding area. Superb.
Looking out at the Gulf of Trieste and built on a former Roman military post, the current structure of the imposing Castello di Duino began in the 14th century.
The one time prison is still residence to the Princes Von Thurn and Taxis, who have maintained it well through the years.
The highlight of the castle is the view from the 16th century tower and visitors can tour the 18 superb rooms before having a peek at the bookstore and bar.
The Palladio staircase is also a masterpiece of its time and there is even a bunker from WW2 that has been restored and now houses period antiques.
Outside there are terraces overlooking the vast blue sea. The castle has been opened to the public as a museum and park since 2003 , it can be booked for weddings, dinners and other events.
There is a magnificent 2km walking path between the castle and Sistiana offering superb views over the sea from the edge of the cliffs.
The chain of hills leading down to its 7km coastline has many charms to lure people to this beautiful little territory between Trieste and Slovenia.
Come and spend a day exploring all that Muggia has to offer!
Muggia (Slovene: Milje) is a small Italian comune in the extreme south-east of Trieste lying on the border with Slovenia.
Technically, Muggia is the last and only piece of Istria still in Italian territory, after the dissolution of the Free Territory of Trieste in 1954.
Just before the year 1000, a settlement was built on the seashore and in the 13th century the new town of Muggia pronounced itself a municipality.
The Duomo and Palazzo del Comune date back to this time. Visitors can also bear witness to its Prehistoric, Roman and Medieval past at sites like Castelliere on Mt Castellier
and the Basilica de Muggia Vecchia. Under Austrian rule, it was an important ship building and naval centre until WW2.
Muggia has something for everyone to enjoy. Inland, it is bordered by the beauty of Mt Castellier, Mt San Michele and Monte D'Oro before sweeping down to the bathing resorts
around the small but bustling harbour at San Bartolomeo. A new nautical leisure centre was built at Porto San Rocco a few years ago.
At the heart of the town is the wonderful Piazza Marconi. Muggia is a charming town to explore on foot.
Don't miss the Carnival of Muggia or "Carneval de Muja", with traditional Venetian origins and with influences from the Istrian peninsula.
It absorbs the entire population who assist in making colorful Carnival floats and colourful masks during mid February.
The beautiful Victory or Vittoria Lighthouse, shines down on the Gulf of Trieste and is one of the tallest in the world.
If you have time to spare, it is well worth the trip to visit the site of the lighthouse where you can take some magnificent pictures of the
Gulf and city below.
The Vittoria Light (or Victory Lighthouse), sits on Gretta Hill and sends its beam down towards Trieste helping ships navigate the Gulf below. At a height of 223 feet (68 m) it is one of the tallest lighthouses in the world.
The lighthouse designed by Arduino Berlam and sculptor Giovanni Mayer was completed in 1927 and the structure also commemorates the fallen of the first world war, as testified by the inscription "SHINE AND REMIND OF THE FALLEN AT SEA MCMXV-MCMXVIII"
The Crow's Nest covered with a copper dome is topped by the famous statue from Mayer called "Winged Victory".
The site of the lighthouse is open to the public but only the lower part is accessible. The lighthouse is open daily except Wednesdays from April 1 through September 30 and on Sundays and major feast days during the rest of the year.
The lantern stands at about 130 meters above average sea-level and it is made up by a lighting body of an average power of 1,250,000 candles with a range of 34 - 35 nautical miles.
GROTTO GIGANTE (GIANT CAVE)
The Giant Cave lives up to its name as many are left in awe at the sheer scale of the central cavern and the beauty of the many stalactities and stalagmites.
Located just north of Trieste and Villa Opcina, this is a great place to visit whilst in Trieste so don't miss out!
The Grotta Gigante (giant cave) got its name from the huge central cavern. Measuring 107 metres (351 ft) high, 65 metres (213 ft) wide and 130 metres (430 ft), it entered the
Guiness Book of Records in the 90's as the world's largest tourist cave.
A guide will lead you down a flight of 500 steep steps that lead you down into the enormous cave system where guests are left in awe to view the stalactities and stalagmites that cover the floor and ceiling.
The most impressive is said to be the Colonna Ruggero which stands at 12 metres and 200,000 years old.
After you walk through the main cave, you are led through a short tunnel where you are greeted with an amazing view of the
vast chamber below. A few moments later you climb another 500 steps and reach the surface again to end your tour which lasts around 45 minutes to an hour.
Opened in 1908, the cave's temperature sits at a cool 11 degrees celsius so make sure you are dressed appropriately and have good walking shoes as the cave is damp and you'll enjoy good traction under your feet!
Like most other caves, no photography is allowed. There is a small cafe and stall selling souvenirs at the entrance.
The Caves are located north of Trieste and just north of Villa Opcina.
By Bus: From the centre Trieste take bus no42 from Piazza Oberdan to Borgo Grotta Gigante;
By Tram: Also from Piazza Oberdan, take the tram to Opicina, then take bus no42 for another 15 minutes to Borgo Grotta Gigante.
Buses operate every 30 minutes or so during the main daylight hours.
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